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Greenland is an island located between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans.  Although it is geographically part of North America, it is a self-governing territory of Denmark.  Greenland is 50 times larger than Denmark but Denmark has about 100 times as many people.

Greenland was colonized by Erik the Red, an exiled Scandinavian, who intentionally misnamed the country Greenland as a way to entice settlers.  80% of Greenland is covered in a thick ice and most people reside on the southwest coast in more livable conditions. In the summer the sun shines for 24 hours and in the winter, the sun doesn’t appear at all. 

The people of Greenland are mostly Inuit (also known as Eskimo) and the official language is Greenlandic, although English and Danish are also spoken. In the northern regions, Inuit hunters use kayaks to hunt seals and whales.  They eat the animal’s meat and use the skin for clothes and other goods, and the blubber or fat of the animal for fuel.

Did You Know?

  • Greenland is the largest island in the world, although Australia is bigger, the size of Australia classifies it as a continent, rather than an island.
  • Greenland spans four time zones.
  • Greenland is one of the least densely populated countries in the world, with a population of approximately 57,000.
  • The Greenland shark is one of the largest sharks in the world and is the largest arctic fish.

Check These Out!


To learn more, check these websites: 

Greenland Facts


Is Greenland Really Green?

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