The South Pole has two seasons – summer and winter which are at the opposite times of the year from when they occur here. January is summer, but it is not warm there. −15 °F is the average temperature. During the winter, the sun never rises; during the summer, the sun never sets! So the sun sets in March and rises in October, which makes for a really long night and a really long day each year.
South Pole is at the southernmost point of the surface of the Earth, exactly opposite the North Pole. It is located in Antarctica, a continent that is covered with a thick layer of ice. In most places the ice is about 7,000 feet thick! A large portion of the continent is desert because only a few inches of snow fall each year. This snow does not melt and continues to pile up and blow into drifts.
Research is being done in Antarctica to study global climate changes. Over a thousand scientists from all over the world study in this Antarctic environment, but only a few hundred remain through the dark, frigid winter.
The South Pole was first reached by explorers on December 14, 1911. Roald Amundsen and his team from Norway were well prepared. They brought 97 dogs from Greenland and just 19 men.